Report of the High Level Expert Group (HLEG) on SME and Infrastructure Financing, 2013.CICA SummaryFinancial crisis revealed substantial gaps in the way Europe finances its economic activities.This report addresses problems in SME and Infrastructure financing and offers a policy guideline as possible solutions to the problems aroused by the crisis....


by World Economic Forum, prepared in collaboration with the Boston Consulting Group, February 2015.CICA Summary The infrastructure is one of the most important elements for a sustainable and inclusive development. Traditional public financing is currently insufficient for the optimal infrastructural delivery. There is thus a need for private sector to fill ...


Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate, Public Governance Committee, Working Party of Senior Budget Officials, June 2015.CICA SummaryInfrastructure is one of the essential components of human and economic development. An infrastructure that provides effective public service - whether it is in education, health or culture - represents a key priority ...


by Jonathan D. Ostry, Atish R. Ghosh and Raphael Espinoza Executive SummaryFinancial bailouts, stimulus spending, and lower revenues during the Great Recession have resulted in some of the highest public debt ratios seen in advanced economies in the past 40 years. Recent debates have centered on the pace at which to pay ...